Families that would like to plant food in their landscape, but live in a dry climate, like California or Arizona, can choose from a variety of fruit trees, plants, and vines that are drought tolerant and long living to plant around their home.
Globe Artichokes grow well in dry climates and have naturalized in the Californian coastal foothills; they are outstanding in the landscape with a gorgeous purple bloom that comes out of the immature bud that we eat. Dragon fruit, in the pictures above and below, is a cactus vine that can be grown in frost free coastal conditions and has highly ornamental flowers that yield large white sweet fruit and grows quickly in sheltered yards and gardens.
Fig trees prefer dry, warm climates, provide shade, and yield fruit sometimes twice a year; they grow in well drained full sun locations and dwarf varieties grow well in containers. Olive trees are long living and drought resistant and provide fruit for decades; they should be placed where the fruit won’t stain paving or patios. Pomegranate trees are self fruiting and like late summer heat and dry climates; they grow 8 to 15 feet high with multiple trunks.
Thompson seedless grapes were discovered in the dry climate near Sacramento. Grapevines grown on arbors offer shade, can withstand hot seasons, and provide abundant fruit each year. Another cactus fruit, Prickly Pears, are the most drought resistant of all garden plants with abundant large fruits; they have been harvested in Mexico for centuries and were planted at the Californian missions where they continue to bloom every spring. All the above mentioned food sources add visual interest and shade to the landscape without extra irrigation.