Microbes are everywhere in the environment, floating in the atmosphere, in the oceans, soil, and in our guts. When leaves fall in the forest, microbes decompose them into soil-building humus to feed the trees. Healthy soil makes healthy plants that produce fruits and veggies to grow healthy kids. Soil microbes purify our groundwater, decompose dead animals and plants, hold the soil in place, and help feed the plants that recycle our air. Organic matter added to the soil feeds and nourishes the worms, bacteria, and microbes, creating drainage and airflow important for healthy plant roots, as well as a balanced ecosystem to improve the environment. Kids can start a compost bin to create premium food for the soil and its microbes. Soil microbes break down the organic compost into useable food and nutrients for the plants and for kids who eat the veggies that grow on the plant.
On the other hand, chemical fertilizers injure the microbial life that sustains this healthy growth of veggies, lessens the nutrients, and drives up the salt index. Instead of using chemical fertilizers, kids can improve the structure of the soil and add billions of beneficial microbial creatures to the soil to invigorate the plants and improve the environment by recycling vegetable kitchen scraps and garden waste in a compost bin.
To keep healthy microbes in the soil, don’t walk on the veggie beds, don’t till the soil, don’t rake the leaves, don’t use chemical fertilizers, and don’t disturb the tree roots. Create pathways of wood chips around the fruit trees and veggie beds. Add compost as a mulch on top of the soil to improve the soil, hold in moisture, regulate the temperature of the soil, and prevent weeds from growing.
Almost all the foods we eat contain living microbes. In the gut, these beneficial microbes keep the small percentage of harmful bacteria in check and activate our immune systems. Soil microbes have been used to make many of our medicines: antibiotic compounds, immune suppressants, and probiotics. Antidepressant microbes in soil bacteria produce serotonin which makes gardening a stress reducer and mood lifter, improving cognitive functions and bringing happiness and healing to kids and gardeners rooting about in the soil.